One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), a chloroquine derivative. It is used to treat many diseases including malaria, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Chloroquine class of drug How to make chloroquine poison Natural alternatives for plaquenil The American Academy of Ophthalmology released an updated set of screening recommendations for hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil and chloroquine to account for the many studies that have shown the effects of these medications on the retina 1. It succinctly makes the case for screening, and Epiretinal membranes are a thin, almost transparent layer of fibrous cellular material that forms as a ‘film’ over the macula at the back of your eye, making it harder for you to see. It is a condition that is often confused with macular degeneration. Apr 10, 2019 Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine belongs to a group of medicines called quinolines. Plaquenil is used to treat or prevent malaria, a disease caused by parasites that enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia. It is imperative that patients and physicians are aware of and watch for this drug’s ocular side effects. Retinal toxicity from hydroxychloroquine is rare, but even if the medication is discontinued, vision loss may be irreversible and may continue to progress. Macular thinning plaquenil Common and Rare Side Effects for Plaquenil Oral, Epiretinal Membrane Symptoms, Causes, Treatments Chloroquine resistant p falciparum Aug 06, 2014 Hydroxychloroquine, sold under the brand name Plaquenil Sanofi-Aventis, is an antimalarial drug that has gained widespread use in treating various autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. 1 By some estimates, more than 150,000 patients are on long-term therapy with this medication in America alone. 2. Multimodal Imaging in Plaquenil Toxicity. Plaquenil Uses, Dosage & Side Effects -. Retinitis Pigmentosa Macula and Retina Institute. Plaquenil-induced maculopathy is a form of retinal toxicity that is associated with long-term use of of the anti-inflammatory medication plaquenil. The drug-induced maculopathy is associated with the following risk factors Cumulative dose level of 1,000 grams of plaquenil; Patients with existing retinal or macular disease; Patients over the age of 60 The main outcomes were toxicity as determined by characteristic visual field loss or retinal thinning and photoreceptor damage. They also examined risk factors and prevalence. The study findings revealed that when hydroxychloroquine was used at doses 5mg /kg, the risk of retinopathy was 1% in the first 5 yrs. 2% in 10 yrs. 20 % after 20 yrs. Focus on Eyes Long-term Plaquenil intake can affect your vision. Taking high doses or long-term treatment of Plaquenil, an anti-malaria drug used to treat lupus, can lead to vision problems.